According to Law "On State Regulation of Foreign Trade Activity", a specific list of approvals confirming the fact that these goods were manufactured, designed and sold within specific technical regulations, standards and agreements should be submitted during customs processing of a number of goods imported in the territory of the Russian Federation. These approvals include: compliance certificate, declaration of correspondence, fire safety certificate, etc.
Certification is a procedure of compliance confirming, during which an independent organization certifies in a written form that goods meet specified requirements and aren't hazardous for consumers. Obligatory certification specified by the legislation of the Russian Federation is non-tariff regulation of foreign trade activity and environmental protection and human health safety, and, accordingly, an aspect of obligatory certification is confirmation of safety and ecological compatibility of goods, especially imported from countries of Asia (China, India, Turkey, etc.). Alongside with obligatory certification, which is required during customs processing of goods imported in the territory of the Russian Federation, there is voluntary certification, which is performed at the applicant's initiative in order to confirm compliance of goods with requirements of standards, technical specifications, recipes and other documents specified by an applicant. Also, if a product isn't subjected to obligatory and voluntary certification, execution of a written rejection - an official response of territorial authorities of the Federal agency for technical regulation and metrology (Metrology, standardization and certification centers) containing reference to the legislation and phrase about the fact that any goods "aren't included in "Nomenclature of Products, Goods and Services Subjected to Obligatory Certification"" - can be required for customs processing.
Each certificate can be prepared according to different schemes that mean a specific procedure, which is determined by certification goal, scope of goods, required validity term and legislation. The most frequent certification schemes are following:
Certification of manufacturer
It can be used, if "stability of manufacturing doesn't raise doubts", in other words, a plant has quality management certificate, for example ISO 9001. Otherwise, a plant should be visited. Validity term of a certificate can achieve 3 years incl., and certificate should be executed again after its expiration. If a certificate is required for term more than one year, inspection control should be performed, in other words, revision tests.
Certificate holder and manufacturer is a producer. There isn't connection with a contract or invoice in a certificate that is advantageous for its application during customs processing of foreign goods, but this scheme is the most expensive.
Certification under contract
It is performed on the basis of a contract between a supplier and purchaser, and, in this case, holder and producer are different persons. Validity tern of a certificate is 1 year, and certificate is repeatedly issued after its expiration. Number of a contract must be indicated in "Products" column. Batch number is indicated, if required. If invoice number is indicated in a certificate, this scheme is transformed in scheme of certification of a large batch under contract.
Certification of a large batch under contract
This scheme differs from previous one due to the fact that not only contract number is indicated in a column of products, but also size of a batch and invoice or annex to a contract. In order to execute certificate according to this scheme, a sample is taken in a batch of products according to established rules and then it passes tests in a certified testing laboratory. Validity term of a certificate is unlimited according to this scheme.
Certification of a small batch under contract
Only difference of this scheme between scheme of certification under contract is the fact that products aren't tested for this type of certification.
But where is the difference between large and small batches? An answer for this and many other questions regarding customs processing will be given by our qualified managers.